A new PhD student started in InterDisc in late Spring. His name is Amos Dangbie Dordah. He is from Ghana and will conduct his studies between Aalborg and Ghana.
Actors’ Perspectives on the Gold Mining–Development Nexus: A Case Study of the Newmont Gold Ghana Limited Ahafo Mine
The study aims at using a nexus analytical approach to interpreting the state, individual, institutional, company, civil society and local population group’s perspectives on the gold mining-development nexus in Ghana. The study seeks to answer the question; how do the different actors in the gold mining governance in Ghana perceive differentially and construct the gold mining-development nexus? This study takes an alternative perspective to ensure that gold mining governance in Ghana will not result in wealth for Western capital and local elites and produces poverty for the local population who live at the periphery of the mines have been excluded from the gold mining governance frameworks.
According to Scollon and Scollon (2004), the starting point for nexus analysis is the values of the researcher himself/herself. The researcher is a Member of the Upper West Region Coalition against Gold Mining in the Upper West Region of Ghana. Hence, he brings into the study a background knowledge and experience on local population concerns regarding gold mining and skills in mobilising rural communities to advocate for change.
There is a clear link between the dominant neoliberal economic worldview of capital, market and development approaches in the Third World (Molenaar, 2006). As the dominant worldview, it is at least partly responsible for the failures of gold mining to foster development in host communities. By and large, this conventional, materialistic and Western science-based reductionist approach to gold extraction and development are being questioned by local, political and spiritual leaders, innovative individuals, citizen groups and post development scholars. Increasingly, new ideas are proffered on how to ensure that gold mining benefit both the nation and local populations who live at the periphery of the mines. But these new ideas are still situated within the dominant position and language of the Western neoliberal economics. Therefore, this study will be guided by the citizen engagement theory to examine how the gold mining governance frameworks can create space for the participation of local actors and for a genuine inclusion of their perspectives on the gold mining-development nexus into the gold mining governance processes.
The study will use a single case study design by selecting the Newmont Gold Ghana Ahafo Mine as a case for investigation. The study will use a combination of primary, documents and reports collection techniques. The exploratory nature of the study requires that the data collection procedure cover the present and the past in order thereby to make recommendations into the future. Also, the citizen engagement theory which guides this study demands the participation of both lay and experts in the study; in this case, primary techniques of data collection are suitable for eliciting lay perspectives whereas expert opinion will be sought and analysed from documents and reports. Documents and reports collection technique will be used to collect data on perspectives of the actors on the gold mining-development nexus as they appear in the text. Interviews will be used to get individuals and institutions to give accounts of actions, interaction and practices regarding the gold mining-development nexus. The study is inclined to use Scollon and Scollon's (2004) techniques of data analysis and Fairclough's (2003) techniques of discourses analysis together with Stake's (1995, 2005) categorical aggregation, establishing patterns and linkage.